What Are the Common Gum Disease?

What Are the Common Gum Disease?

March 1, 2021

When you notice that your gums are becoming soft, tender, and painful, you need to visit a dentist near you for assessment. This could be a sign of gum disease, a serious oral problem that could cause loss of teeth.

Gum disease is a common complaint among adults and it can be treated if caught early. It develops in stages and it is important to know them.

How Does Gum Disease Develop?

Regular brushing and flossing are important to preventing decay and gum infection. However, when you don’t follow the standard oral procedure and ignore professional cleaning, plaques begin to buildup. Plaque carries bacteria that affect the gums and causes inflammation. The more the buildup, the higher the risk of developing gum disease.

The problem with gum disease is that it is silent in the initial stages and that is why it can go unnoticed. By the time you notice the symptoms, the problem is usually more advanced in stages.

As mentioned gum disease is categorized in two:


Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gum. It is a non-destructive type of gum disease. But, left untreated, gingivitis can develop into periodontitis and eventually the loss of teeth.

Gingivitis is the first stage and it is reversible if caught early and it usually goes away with proper hygiene and professional cleaning. In mild cases, you may not know you have a gum infection because it usually has no symptoms.

There is the main type of gingivitis:

  • Plaque-induced gum inflammation. This is the most common and it is caused by plaque buildup. Plaques are a thin film that accumulates on the gum line and plays host to bacteria. Other causes include medications, malnutrition, and systemic factors.
  • Non-plaque induced gum infection. This is caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungus. Genetic factors, allergic reactions, certain illnesses, and wounds are also triggers.

Regardless of the trigger, you need urgent gum treatment in Lansing, MI to prevent it from advancing.


Periodontitis is an advanced gum disease that affects the soft tissues. Without proper treatment, it can damage the supporting bone and cause tooth loss. Poor hygiene is the primary cause of periodontal disease, but there are other factors that may increase the risk:

  • Hormonal changes. The hormone fluctuations during the menstrual cycle, puberty, and menopause cause the gums to be sensitive, increasing the risk of inflammation.
  • Certain diseases like cancer, diabetes, and HIV are linked to gingivitis because of the weakened immune system.
  • Medications. Oral health may be affected by medications, especially the ones that cause dry mouth.
  • Smoking, age, and poor diet are also linked to gum disease.

What Are the Symptoms of Periodontal Disease?

Periodontitis can cause:

  • Red, swollen, soft, and tender gums
  • Persistent gum bleeding
  • Halitosis or bad breath
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Pain when chewing
  • A change in how your teeth fit together

What Problems Can Develop with Advanced Gum Disease?

When left untreated, gum disease can cause several complications such as:

  • Gum recession

Gum recession occurs when the gum tissue surrounding the teeth begins to wear away or pull back. This exposes the root of the teeth and causes gum pockets or gaps between the teeth, making it easy for bacteria to buildup. If the bacterial infection is not removed, it damages the supporting bone and ultimately leads to tooth loss. Gum recessions occur gradually and it not easily noticeable.

  • Tooth loss

As the gum recedes, it will expose the root of the teeth causing the bacteria to eat away on the teeth and lead to decay. Also, periodontal disease damages the bone support which causes the teeth to loosen. Eventually, the dentist will have to remove the teeth to stop further damage.

How Is Gum Disease Treated?

Several treatments can be used to address the dental problem:

  • Scaling and root planing
  • Medication like antibiotics
  • Surgical treatments like flap surgery, soft tissue grafts, bone grafting, and tissue regeneration.

Final Thoughts

Gum disease is preventable with proper hygiene and regular dental assessment. However, when you do notice that your gums are becoming soft and tender, visit Gentle Dental Care for gum disease treatment.